Medicine definition, meaning

Medicine definition, meaning, what is? Etymology, medical specialties, branches. What do you mean by the word “medicine”?

Medical care encompasses a wide range of activities aimed at not only curing patients but also enhancing their general health. Many medical practices have evolved throughout time to assist with health maintenance and restoration via disease prevention and treatment.

Nowadays, modern medicine relies on biological sciences like genetics and medical technology to help with illness diagnosis as well as treatment and prevention. This includes both medicine and surgery as well as treatments like psychotherapy and external braces and traction as well as medical devices.

Medicine definition, meaning
Medicine definition, meaning

Definition and significance:

Medicine is a term used to describe both the study and practice of medicine. The team consists of nurses, doctors, and other professionals. It includes everything from diagnosing and treating illnesses to preventing sickness and conducting medical research.

To practice medicine is to combine the best of science and art in order to improve health, cure illness, and prevent it from happening in the first place.

A key goal of the Alma-Ata Declaration on Health was to help nations establish health care systems that would reach people at all socioeconomic levels. It was published in 1978 during a World Health Organization meeting in the Soviet Union. We were really happy with the outcome. As previously mentioned in the announcement:

Being healthy at all times is a major global societal goal, and getting to that point involves the participation of many other social and economic sectors outside of the healthcare business. Well-being encompasses all three aspects of one’s being: physical, mental, and social.”

To put it another way, the primary aim of medicine is to help people.

Medicine’s Etymology:

Medical history may be traced back to Latin terms like medicine (medicine) and medicus (physician), as well as medeor (to heal).

The root mad-or med-is used in mediaeval Persian and Sanskrit words beginning with the prefix madha (medical knowledge, wisdom), as is the ancient Greek word medos (advice) (to think about). To illustrate, the term “meditation” is derived from the Latin meditari.

It’s possible that the prehistoric term for thinking, counseling, or knowledge is med-or mad-. According to old tradition, the wise man/priest was authorized to provide advice on how to cure one’s ailments. Using the term “medicine man” instead of the term “shaman” worked out better.

In organizations like the Grand Medicine Society, Medicine Lodge, Medicine Dance, Medicine Bag, Medicine Wheel, and Bad Medicine, you’ve undoubtedly heard of “indigenous magic.” If you haven’t heard of it, look up “indigenous magic.” Using the word “medicine” as a phrasal verb (or cognates in related languages).

A noun: Medicine definition, meaning

The term medication is used here (countable and uncountable, plural medicines)

  • A substance that is ingested or given orally to promote healing
  • A method of treating or curing
  • Research into the causes, diagnoses, prognoses, and treatments of disease or sickness.
  • She is now enrolled in a medical programme in preparation for a career as a doctor.

Others who practice medicine, such as doctors, surgeons, and those with similar specialties.

A medicine man, for example, uses ritual magic to help promote a desired result in healing, hunting, fighting, and other areas.

In the same way that the human body’s subtleties are diverse, so is the medical industry. Each of these medical specialties has a doctor specialization to meet the requirements of a particular area of treatment.

Medical specialties

Today’s medical field includes a wide variety of subspecialties and features. The following are some real-world examples to help you better understand what I’m saying.

Clinical application

A clinician works closely with patients at a medical facility. Clinicians include people such as doctors, nurses, and psychotherapists, to name a few.

There is a dearth of medically knowledgeable practitioners. Because they don’t interact with patients on a regular basis, researchers and laboratory workers aren’t considered clinicians.

A doctor examines a patient using knowledge gained via training, research, and experience, in addition to clinical judgments, in order to diagnose, treat, or prevent disease.

Investigations in biomedicine

Research in this field is mostly concerned with disease prevention and treatment.

Biomedical researchers use technology to investigate biological systems and illnesses. They want to find effective treatments and cures. Trial and error are required in biological research before anything may be deemed helpful. This group includes biochemists, medical specialists, and others.

Medical research is done by these individuals on medicines and the possible applications for them. Medication is used by doctors and other health care providers to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent illness.


Certain diseases, malformations, and damage require surgical therapy in order to diagnose and treat them. They use instruments and manual methods instead of medication.

An operation may be performed by a surgeon to remove, replace, or extract tissue for biopsies of diseased tissue or organs. They may get rid of the unwanted tissue and send it out for testing.

Medical equipment

Many different pieces of medical equipment are used by doctors and other health care providers to diagnose and treat illnesses and other problems, to keep symptoms from worsening, to replace damaged parts, and so on.

Medical devices range from simple test tubes to high-tech scanning scanners.

Alternative and complementary medicine.

This includes all forms of healing that do not fall within the purview of conventional medicine. There is a wide range of methods. The use of herbs, manipulating the “channels” in the body, and relaxing are only a few examples.

  • The words complementary and alternative do not mean the same thing:

Alternative medicine uses relaxation methods instead of pain medications to treat a disease like headaches, rather than conventional medicine.

When we talk about complementary medicine, we’re talking about treatments that work in conjunction with conventional medicine. For example, if you have a headache, you may take both calming and pain-relieving medicine.

Instead of scientific data or clinical studies, traditional knowledge is commonly used in complementary and alternative medicine. Ayurveda, homoeopathy, acupuncture, naturopathic medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine are just a few examples of complementary and alternative therapies available today.

Clinical research

Medical researchers study a wide range of topics related to health in an effort to figure out what illnesses exist, why they occur, and what treatments or preventions might be implemented.

Clinical studies are a kind of clinical research. To find out whether there is an effective and safe treatment for an illness, they want to know if therapy is accessible. A big, blinded clinical human study is the most reliable way to demonstrate a drug’s or treatment’s effectiveness in humans.

Scientists will compare a therapy or drug’s efficacy against that of a placebo, no treatment, or an alternative therapy or substance.


When it comes to mental health problems like depression, stress, or chronic pain, counselling, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and other kinds of “talking cure” may be helpful.

Physical and occupational therapy.

These therapies don’t involve medication, although it’s possible to combine them with it. People with musculoskeletal problems may benefit from physical therapy by becoming stronger and more flexible.

People may learn new and improved physical abilities via occupational therapy. For example, someone who has suffered a stroke may benefit from relearning how to walk using previously untapped abilities.

Pharmacy and pharmacology are only a few of the numerous medical specializations available. Nursing is another one.


A pathologist is a doctor who specializes in the study of illnesses and the factors that contribute to their development. To diagnose, monitor, and treat illnesses, pathologists utilised microscopic inspection and clinical laboratory testing.

They use biological, chemical, and physical sciences in the lab to examine tissues, cells, and body fluids. In order to determine whether an organ transplant is necessary, they may do tissue analysis or blood analysis on a pregnant woman to guarantee the well-being of the unborn child.

Children’s health

Pediatricians are trained in both preventative medicine and the diagnosis of common childhood illnesses, including asthma, allergies, and croup.

Help with rehabilitation and medical care

Physiatrists and physical therapists treat patients who have issues with their nervous system, such as the brain and spinal cord.

Spinal cord or brain damage, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and musculoskeletal and pediatric rehabilitation are just a few of the diseases that physiatrists treat alongside their patients of all ages.

Prevention medicine

Physicians that practice preventative medicine aim to keep illness at bay by improving their patients’ overall health and well-being. Besides preventive treatments in clinical medicine, their expertise includes biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental and occupational medicine, and even the assessment and administration of health services.

Medical, social, economic, and behavioral sciences all play a role in helping researchers better understand illness and damage in communities.


Psychiatrists dedicate their whole careers to the study of mental illness and the consequences it has on both the mind and the body. Psychologists and medical lab technicians utilised diagnostic and therapeutic testing to help psychiatrists better understand the relationship between genetics, emotions, and mental illness.

Radiation-induced cancer oncology

Radiation oncologists are oncologists who treat cancer with high-energy radiation. Radiation oncologists stop cancer cell development by delivering radiation doses to specific locations in the body.

Radiation oncologists work with cancer patients to prescribe and execute treatment programmers, as well as to evaluate the success of those treatments.

Branches of medicine

There are many subfields within medicine. Here are a few to illustrate my point.

  • It’s the study of the physical structure of the human body that’s known as anatomy.
  • One who studies chemicals and how they impact the body is known as a biochemist.
  • Biological systems in the body are studied using a mechanical approach known as biomechanics.
  • Researchers use biostatistics to apply statistics to biological areas. Many fields of medical practice and study rely on this for their effectiveness.
  • To model and comprehend biological processes, biophysicists utilised principles from physics, math’s, chemistry, and biology.
  • Cytology is a branch of pathology that specializes in the microscopic study of cells for medical and scientific purposes.
  • Embryology is the study of how organisms are formed, grow, and develop from an early stage.
  • Hormones and the impact they have on our bodies is known as endocrinology.
  • In epidemiology, the causes, distribution, and control of illness are all studied together in a community.
  • Genetics is the study of genes and how they influence our health and well-being.
  • Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria and fungi. Microbiology includes the fields of bacteriology, virology, mycology (the study of fungus), and parasitology.
  • Histology is the examination of structures under a microscope to determine their form.
  • Neuroscience is the study of the nervous system and the brain, as well as diseases of the neurological system. In neuroscience, you’ll find areas like computational modelling and psychophysics. Examples of neuroscience include cognitive science, cellular science, and molecular science.
  • There are many illnesses and disorders that nutritionists study in order to treat, cure, and prevent.
  • Pathology is a branch of medicine that looks into the causes of disease. Pathologists often work in a laboratory setting, analyzing samples of blood, urine, or bodily tissue to help with illness and ailment identification.
  • When it comes to pharmaceuticals, pharmacology is the study of how the human body responds to pharmaceutical medicines and pharmaceuticals, as well as where they come from and how they function.
  • In diagnostic and therapeutic processes, radiologists utilised X-rays and scanning technology such as CT scanners and MRI scanners.
  • Toxicology is the study of poisons, including their composition, effects on the body, and detection methods.

Read also: What is psychology?; Ontology in medicine and nursing; Histopathology definition meaning ; Importance of Microbiology in Medicine

External resources: Wikipedia

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