Introduction: Side effect of Emgality. If you or a loved one lives with painful migraines, you know how headaches, sensitivity to light and sound, and nausea can disrupt your daily routine. Understandably, addressing these symptoms is a priority – mainly if they occur frequently.
Emgality (galcanezumab) is a management option you may have heard of. This monoclonal antibody works by blocking calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) – a protein that causes blood vessels in your brain to swell and cause pain. By blocking CGRP, Emgality may help prevent migraine symptoms over time.
It can also treat cluster headaches, a type of headache that causes severe pain on one side of the head. For most people, Emgality is well tolerated. But if you are taking Emgality, there are still some side effects you should be aware of.
In this article, I will overview the ordinary and less common side effects of Emgality.
Common Side Effects
Emgality is a brand name for galcanezumab, a prescription medication used to prevent migraines in adults. Like all medications, it can have side effects, varying from person to person.
It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and many people tolerate Emgality well. However, it’s essential to be informed about the potential side effects when considering any medication.
Common cold symptoms
Amlodipine can cause symptoms of the common cold. In a clinical trial, 18% of people experienced cold symptoms while taking Emgality.
If you develop mild cold symptoms, get plenty of rest and stay hydrated. Home remedies and OTC products can provide short-term relief depending on your symptoms. The best remedy option will depend on your symptoms.
For example, if you have a sore throat, try gargling warm salt water or ask your healthcare provider if it’s safe to take OTC pain relievers, such as ibuprofen. If you have a stuffy nose, nasal decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), may be an option for temporary relief. But remember that decongestants should be avoided in people with high blood pressure or diabetes.
Most common cold symptoms will clear up independently after a few days. Suppose they don’t talk to your healthcare provider. If they suspect that your symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection rather than a virus, antibiotics may be necessary.
Pain at Injection Site: This is one of the most common side effects of Emgality. It can cause mild to moderate pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site. To reduce this discomfort, following the proper injection technique is essential.
Headache: Some people may experience headaches as a side effect, which might seem counterintuitive for a medication designed to prevent migraines. These headaches are usually mild and tend to improve over time.
Reactions at the Injection Site: This can include itching or rash at the injection site. Although it’s less common than pain, it’s still a possible side effect to be aware of.
Allergic Reactions: While rare, some individuals may experience an allergic reaction to Emgality. Signs can include hives, itching, breathing problems, and facial, lips, tongue, or throat swelling. If any of these symptoms occur, seeking immediate medical attention is necessary.
Less Common Side Effects
Emgality shots can cause some side effects, some more common than others. These side effects can be temporary, lasting a few days to weeks. Nevertheless, if side effects last longer than this, upset you, or become painful, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
The less common side effects reported by people who used Emgality in clinical trials were:
Constipation: A small percentage of people taking Emgality may experience constipation. Maintaining a healthy diet and staying hydrated is a good idea to alleviate this side effect.
Muscle Pain: Some individuals might experience muscle pain or cramps. This is an uncommon side effect but should be reported to your healthcare provider if it persists or becomes severe.
Fatigue: Fatigue can occur as a side effect. While it’s uncommon, it can affect a person’s energy levels. If you experience severe fatigue, discussing it with your healthcare provider is essential.
Nausea: Nausea is another less common side effect. If you find it bothersome, discussing potential remedies or adjustments to your treatment plan with your healthcare provider may be necessary.
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection: Some people may experience upper respiratory tract infections such as the common cold while taking Emgality. These infections are generally mild and self-limiting.
Flu-Like Symptoms: In rare cases, Emgality may lead to flu-like symptoms, including fever and chills. These symptoms usually resolve independently, but consult your healthcare provider if they persist or worsen.
Mood Changes: Some individuals have reported mood changes while taking Emgality, including irritability or mood swings. It’s essential to communicate any significant mood changes with your healthcare provider.
Serious Side Effects (Rare):
Serious side effects are unlikely with Emgality. For more information, you can refer to Emgality’s recommended information.
Call your doctor immediately if you experience severe side effects while taking Emgality. If the side effects seem life-threatening or you feel you have a medical emergency, call 911 or your local emergency number instantly.
Serious side effects that have been notified include:
Allergic Reaction: Although mentioned earlier, it’s crucial to reiterate that severe allergic reactions are rare but can be life-threatening. Seek quick medical attention if you experience problems breathing, swelling, or hives.
As with all medicines, Amgleti can cause allergic reactions in some people. Mild symptoms of an allergic reaction may include itching, hives, and skin rash. More severe symptoms may include difficulty breathing and swelling of the face, lips, or tongue.
Stop taking Emgality and get emergency medical help immediately if you have trouble breathing or swelling of the lips, mouth, or tongue. If your symptoms seem mild, contacting your healthcare provider and asking about next steps is still a good idea.
Liver Problems: There have been isolated reports of liver problems in people taking Emgality. These may manifest as jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes), dark urine, or upper abdominal pain. Your healthcare provider will monitor for this during your treatment.
Heart Problems: While very uncommon, Emgality may lead to heart problems. Some individuals have reported chest pain or an irregular heartbeat. If you experience these symptoms, contact your healthcare provider promptly.
Worsening of Depression or Suicidal Thoughts: In some rare cases, Emgality may worsen depression or the emergence of suicidal thoughts. It’s crucial to report any significant changes in mood or behavior to your healthcare provider.
Infections: Emgality can affect the immune system, making you more susceptible to infections. If you notice symptoms like fever, cough, or persistent sore throat, it’s essential to consult your healthcare provider.
It’s important to remember that side effects can vary from person to person, and not everyone will experience them. If you are considering Emgality as a treatment for migraines, discussing its potential side effects with your healthcare provider is vital.
They can provide personalized information and guidance based on your medical history and specific health needs. Additionally, your healthcare provider will closely monitor your response to the medication during your treatment.
Never hesitate to contact your healthcare provider if you experience any concerning side effects while taking Emgality. They can provide the appropriate guidance, adjust your treatment plan, or explore alternative migraine prevention options.
Keep in mind: Injection site reactions and mild allergic reactions look similar. Both can include symptoms such as itching and redness. Talk to your healthcare provider if you are unsure what’s causing your symptoms.
Mild side effects of Emgality
Emgality may cause mild side effects. This list does not contain all possible mild side effects of the drug. Over time, your body may develop antibodies to Emgality. These are called anti-drug antibodies.
These antibodies can bind to and interfere with Emgality, which may also not work. In a clinical study that lasted a year, about 12% of people who received a monthly injection of Emgality developed antibodies against the drug.
Tell your healthcare provider if your migraines are returning and the medicine doesn’t seem to work as well as it used to. They may switch you to another medication if they suspect you have developed antibodies to Emgality. For more information, you can refer to Emgality’s recommended information.
Mild side effects* that have been informed with Emgality include:
- Injection site reactions
- Mild allergic reactions
- These side effects can be momentary, lasting a few days to weeks. Nevertheless, if side effects last longer than this, upset you, or become painful, be sure to talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Conclusion: Side effect of Emgality
The most common side effects of Emgality are injection site reactions, antibody development, and common cold symptoms. More severe complications, such as allergic reactions, are also possible.
Most injection site reactions are gentle and resolve on their own. Other side effects of Emgality can often be managed with home remedies or over-the-counter medications. But, you should seek immediate medical attention if you experience symptoms of severe side effects, such as difficulty breathing or swelling of your lips, mouth, or tongue.
Emgality is generally well-tolerated, and its side effects are mild and manageable. While rare, serious side effects exist, it’s crucial to maintain open communication with your healthcare provider throughout your treatment. They can help you weigh the potential risks and benefits of Emgality and ensure that it is the right choice for your migraine management.
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