Carcinoma breast cancer

Carcinoma breast cancer: types, treatment, stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4. Introduction. Carcinoma cancer is a common type of breast cancer. It is a kind of breast cancer in which cancerous cells are over the body’s internal parts, especially the breast.

Carcinoma breast cancer: types, treatment, stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4
Carcinoma breast cancer: types, treatment, stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4

In 2021 carcinoma breast cancer will be one of the most diagnosed cancers in women. In this kind of cancer, cancerous cells grow out of control. There is the following reason for carcinoma, breast cancer, overweight, drinking and smoking, and genetic problems; it may be caused due to some viruses and chemicals industries.

If you have breast cancer and it does not spread to the other parts of the body, it is easily curable. It is difficult to cure it if it applies to different body parts. It is not dangerous, but once it spreads, it becomes aggressive and becomes out of control.

Carcinoma breast cancer is scary, but it never hurts the patient, and he does not feel any pain. They are common types of malignant tumors. You can cure it with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and bone marrow transplant.

It has two types, adenocarcinoma(this type of carcinoma cancer has a favorite place for growth in organs and glands) and squamous cell carcinoma( this type starts in the squamous epithelium).

Carcinoma breast cancer has an appearance like skin color, it grows slowly, but once it increases, it is difficult to control. Doctors recognize it by taking samples and putting them on a microscope, and normal cells look in a proper way and order; they have similar sizes, while abnormal and cancerous cells look in less demand, are large, and have different structures.

It is a common type of cancer, and after being first diagnosed, a man lives at least five years. Cells of the carcinoma cancer spread to the other parts of the body but not always. Carcinoma Breast cancer has only a five to seven percent chance of transferring from parents to their children. The growth rate of carcinoma breast cancer is only one centimeter in one year. 

Types of carcinoma breast cancer

Carcinoma breast cancer is a common type of breast cancer. It further has three types which are given below, 

  • Adenocarcinoma(AC).
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
  • Epidermoid carcinoma(EC).


It is a type of carcinoma breast cancer that affects the glands or tissues and becomes the cause of cancer of the breast, lungs, esophagus, and stomach. Liver, kidney, and bile duct cancer are common types of adenocarcinoma.

Surgery like chemotherapy and radiation therapy is done to remove cancerous and surrounding cells. It may be spread in the body in a short or long time, depending on how long cancer takes time to metastasize. Its survival rates may increase or decrease on the basis of its stage and location.

Adenocarcinoma takes just four to five months to spread in the body. In the overall world, it causes 60% of people due to gene mutation. Small lung adenocarcinoma is an early aggressive and provides only a six percent chance of survival after diagnosis.  

The signs and symptoms of adenocarcinoma are nausea, sickness, abdominal pain, physical and mental fatigue, loss of weight, anemia, and jaundice. Avoiding smoking and eating healthy food can save us from this dangerous disease. 

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

It is the second type of carcinoma skin cancer. This type of cell affects the basal cells and stops them from producing new skin cells. For many people, it is not threatening because this cancer grows very slowly and is easily curable if it is diagnosed in its first stage. In a few cases, basal cell carcinoma is fatal.

The primary reason for basal cell carcinoma is dangerous ultraviolet rays from the sun. It can also be due to manufactured resources such as tenant beds etc. if this type of skin cancer is left untreated, then it may prove dangerous for the skin and can damage tissues and layers of skin, and it can even damage the bones of the patient.

Its symptoms are irritated skin, reddish skin, and open sores. After diagnosis, its survival rate is 95 %. It can be cured by surgery. In surgery, your doctor removes your skin damage from cancer layer by layer until a healthy layer comes. If you are not bailing for surgery, radiation therapy is the best option. According to the research, basal cell carcinoma has a size of 5.7 mm.   

Squamous cell carcinoma(SCC)

 It is the third type of carcinoma breast cancer. It is also called epidermoid carcinoma. It is the most common type of skin cancer after basal cell carcinoma. Its cells affect the squamous cells, which make the epidermis or the layers of our skin.

Squamous cell carcinoma is a benign tumor. It can cause skin cancer, lung cancer, and neck and vaginal cancer. It is a less dangerous type of cancer, but if it is left untreated, then it may cause serious complications.

After diagnosis, it takes one to two years to spread to other parts of the body. Cryotherapy is the best way to remove cancerous cells in their early stage. Still, this therapy is not best for aggressive cancerous cells and delicate parts of the body such as the nose, ears and eyelashes.

The best way for its removal from the body is surgery, and after surgery, your wound will take four to five weeks to heal. This cancer affects the hand, feet, head, ear, and nose because the sun’s direct rays can directly affect these parts. Mohs surgery is the best way to remove squamous cell carcinoma.

Sometimes, these cells have gone far away on their own, but they can return. It happens in such conditions when aks produce in less quantity. Squamous cell carcinoma overgrows and has a size of 1.29 cm.   

Treatment for carcinoma breast cancer 

Carcinoma breast cancer is treatable at any stage, but this treatment may vary with the size and location of the cancerous cells. Following are some techniques that are best for treating carcinoma breast cancer. 

  1. surgery. 
  2.  radiation therapy. 
  3. chemotherapy
  4. hormonal therapy.
  5. immunotherapy. 


Surgery is the best and alternative option for curing carcinoma breast cancer. Surgery is done in the early stages of cancer. In carcinoma breast cancer Mohs micrographic surgery is best for removing cancerous cells at any stage of cancer.    


It is considered a good option for the removal of cancerous cells. In chemotherapy, drugs are given to the patient to eliminate and stop the fast-growing cancerous cells. This treatment is given to cancer patients before the surgery. If this method proves not valid, doctors recommend surgery for the patient.  

Radiation therapy

For best recovery and removal of cancerous cells, radiation therapy is done. In this process, certain radiations are thrown on the cancerous cells, damaging the body. These radiations destroy those cells, and the patient has a great chance of recovery. It can be dangerous if radiation is put in the same place. 

Hormonal therapy

In every type of cancer, hormones are used to grow cancerous cells. Hormone therapy is done to decrease the size of a tumor. It is also used to stop the recurrence of tumors again. There are two different types of hormonal therapy. One controls the growth of the defective hormones, and the other changes their behavior.  


It is done to strengthen the human immune system. It has two different types of active and passive immunotherapy. Active immunotherapy makes your body able to fight cancerous cells. While passive immunotherapy uses artificial immunes made in the laboratory to immune your body against cancerous cells. 

There are various treatments, some are done for recovery, and some are done to reduce suffering. At the same time, recurrence means coming back from the disease. 

Stages of carcinoma breast cancer

There are five stages of carcinoma breast cancer. Zero location is invasive, while the other four steps are given below.

Stage 1 of the carcinoma breast cancer

It is the first stage of carcinoma breast cancer. In this stage, after diagnosing cancer, it is stated that cancer has not spread to the other parts of the body in a limited area. This stage of cancer can be cured by the drugs given by doctors, which control the growth of cancerous cells. This stage is easily treatable. 

Stage 2 of carcinoma breast cancer

 In stage two, cancer has grown more than in stage one, but still, it did not spread to the other part of the body or lymph nodes. This stage is further divided into two groups, stage 2a and step 2b. in this stage, it is decided whether cancer is spread to the lymph nodes. The second stage of carcinoma breast cancer is also curable. If the tumor of a patient is more prominent than five cm, doctors advise chemotherapy for the best recovery of the patient. 

Stage 3 of the carcinoma breast cancer

In stage 3, cancer has grown further and spreads to the surrounding parts of the body, such as lymph nodes and bones. In this stage, the doctor decides which treatment is required for you to stop growing cancer. Surgery like mastectomy and hormone therapy is the best way to control cancerous cells. Stage three of cancer can be cured, but there are great chances of recurrence cancer.  

Stage 4 of the carcinoma breast cancer

Stage four of the cancer is called an advanced stage of cancer. In this stage, cancer spreads to all body parts like bones, lymph nodes, lungs, brain, and skin. There are meager chances of survival in this stage. According to health experts, this stage can be controlled for some time but can not be adequately cured. Doctors used chemotherapy and radiation therapy for its control.

Read also: Signs of breast cancer; Triple-negative breast cancer; Stage 4 breast cancer

This post is also available in: English