CEO meaning: Is CEO the owner ?; What does the CEO do?; Who is the higher CEO or MD?; Who is higher than the CEO?; How do I become a CEO? The chief executive officer (CEO) is in charge of ensuring the success of a company’s management and developing its future strategies as well as implementing existing policies.
Ultimately, it is the CEO who determines whether an organization succeeds or fails. In this capacity, the CEO is responsible for all aspects of the company, including compliance, financials, human resources, legal, marketing, operations, sales, and technology. As CEO, you’re tasked with performing these duties while also satisfying the demands of other constituents or stakeholder groups, such as employees, investors, and customers.
For-profit businesses with an adequate number of employees or income are most likely to be granted the CEO title. A number of charitable organizations prefer the position of CEO to be held by the most senior employee.
The term is also used differently in different companies because of business laws. In most countries, corporations are legally required to have CEOs, other top executives, and boards of directors. The regulations governing LLCs do not require that LLCs have a CEO, but they have the capability of structuring as corporations do.
In addition, some businesses and nonprofits have their most senior leader function as CEO, while others choose to use other titles, such as president or executive director.
Our article explores the roles and responsibilities of CEOs, managing directors, studies the differences between a CEO and a managing director, assesses similar job titles, and defines what a CEO does.
KEY TAKEAWAYS: CEO meaning
- An organization’s chief executive officer (CEO) holds the highest position.
- Companies differ in their CEOs’ responsibilities, but CEOs are usually charged with expanding their companies, driving profitability, and improving shareholder value in public companies. Companies are run by their CEOs.
- CEOs are often chosen by the company’s board of directors.
- The average CEO of America’s 350 largest companies earns 24 million dollars annually or 351,026 times more than the average employee.
- One study demonstrates the CEO’s influence on company performance at 45%, while another shows they are responsible for 15% of the variance in profitability.
Is the CEO the owner?
That depends. CEOs may be the owners of their companies in some cases. Other times, CEOs are appointed by the board of directors.
What does the CEO do?
Companies are managed by CEOs who oversee all aspects of their operations. A manager can delegate and direct agendas, drive profitability, manage organizational structure, develop strategy, and communicate with the corporation’s board.
It is generally true that the primary duties of a CEO are the same regardless of the company’s size or whether it is publicly traded or privately held. However, some specific duties of a CEO can differ widely depending on a company’s circumstances.
As a general rule, the CEO of a startup or small family business has a greater level of involvement in the day-to-day operations and management than the CEO of a major corporation.
Strategy formulation, communication, and implementation are the chief responsibilities of CEOs. Accordingly, it is the CEO’s responsibility to decide the organization’s goals in terms of its budget, investments, markets, partnerships, and products, among other things, in order to best accomplish its mission – whether that mission is to maximise profits, as in most businesses, or to meet specific humanitarian or philanthropic goals, as in non profits, but as well as in some for-profit enterprises.
Additionally, you are tasked to organize leadership and staff to achieve strategic goals, to ensure appropriate governance and controls are in place to limit risk and ensure compliance with laws and regulations, to identify and then deliver value to various stakeholders, and to provide leadership at all times, including during challenging times.
As the CEO, you are responsible for hiring the executives who make up the company’s executive team, as well as terminating anyone who fails to meet your standards. In addition to the CEO, there are a number of other chief officers who counsel the CEO on functional matters; the chief financial officer (CFO) is in charge of finances, the chief marketing officer (CMO) is in charge of marketing, etc.
In addition to leading strategy development and policy creation, these executives also help the CEO implement policies and directions. In turn, these executives serve as the CEO’s representative in their respective functional areas.
Additionally, the CEO is responsible for developing the company’s culture by assisting in establishing attitudes, values, and behaviours that the company’s employees should reflect. Once those values, attitudes, and behaviours have been laid out, the CEO is responsible for modelling them, and ensuring that other executives, as well as the HR department, support them.
Normally, the board of directors of the organization hires the CEO, reviews his or her performance, sets the CEO’s salary, and has the authority to fire the CEO.This happens when they aren’t comfortable with their results. A company’s CEO is often required to keep the board of directors informed, as he or she may also act as their president or chairman.
Who is the higher CEO or MD?
A CEO is a highest-ranking executive in a company. In their role, C-level employees, including COOs, CTOs, CFOs, and others, report directly to them. Additionally, they are ranked above vice presidents and, in some cases, managing directors. Only the chairperson of the board and the board of directors are responsible for them.
By contrast, the company’s Managing Director occupies a unique position in the company’s hierarchy. Many companies place a Managing Director in the CEO’s position. It is also common for them to serve on the board of directors. Sometimes, their role is comparable to that of a CEO. Under these circumstances, the board chairman is responsible for them.
It is the CEO who makes decisions for the company. The CEO represents the company to the public and internally since he is its highest-ranking executive. CEOs are responsible for creating and implementing the company’s long-term vision and goals.
Additionally, they assist in the formulation of company policies and the implementation of company strategies. In addition, they supervise the responsibilities of other executives in the company.
The Managing Director oversees the operation and performance of a company’s various departments. As well as managing the daily operations of the departments or managers they supervise, they are responsible for their daily performance. Directors are often members of the Managing Director’s board. To ensure the success of the company, they collaborate closely with the board of directors.
It is not uncommon for the same individual to hold the roles of CEO and Managing Director. CEOs who also founded a company are most likely to hold these roles. Even when this isn’t unusual, it’s usually better to have different people in different roles that give them a greater sense of power and authority.
CEOs and managing directors share similar characteristics in a few areas. Usually, these characteristics pertain to skills. Let’s look at a few skills both CEOs and managing directors possess.
- Communication and leadership skills that are exceptional
- Interpersonal abilities
- Organizational abilities
- Analytical skills
- Issues and resolving conflict skills
So, CEOs may or may not have a more senior role than Managing Directors in their companies. An organization’s corporate structure and hierarchy have a great deal to do with it.
Who is higher than the CEO?
Ultimately, the board of directors, which is made up of the shareholders, comes before the CEO. Under broad directions from the board, the CEO runs the organization. A board-appointed executive is responsible for the CEO. Companies are owned by their shareholders.
The shareholder (or principal shareholder) can also be the CEO and a member of the Board of Directors in a small organization. However, in larger organizations, the CEO will report to the board despite owning shares.
How do I become a CEO?
What you need to do to become a CEO can be summarized as follows:
Meet the CEO education requirements
You will likely need a bachelor’s degree for future CEOs at the very least if you want to meet the standards. Business administration, management, and public administration are typical disciplines in which students attain this degree.
There are some programs that can be completed in less than four years that lead to a bachelor’s degree in business administration. Our next section of the essay will take a closer look at the education requirements for becoming a CEO.
To Become a CEO, you Need Relevant Work Experience
“How do I become a CEO?” students wonder. What is the length of time required to become a CEO, for instance? Experience in the field, as well as the completion of the four-year bachelor’s degree as well as the two-year master’s degree program, are significant factors.
Chief executives usually need to have more than five years of experience in their field. They are often promoted through their current firms or other companies where they acquire managerial experience. The training and development programs offered by some organizations may be able to assist professionals in preparing for promotions.
Becoming a CEO requires professional certifications
Depending on their job responsibilities and their company’s needs, some CEOs possess professional certification in a specific sector of management, regardless of whether it is mandatory. Credentials that will extend their career potential are also available to aspiring CEOs. Below are examples of some of the more common credentials:
- Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
- Project Management Professional (PMP)
- Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)
- Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
External resource: Investopedia