Purine Rich Foods

Purine rich foods: Means, Include, and drinks, and uric acid, and gout, Beans, Cheese, oatmeal, Peanut butter, Potatoes, Salmon, Tuna, Vegan.

A low-purine diet is frequently recommended for individuals with gout, kidney stones, or other related illnesses.

Purine rich foods
Purine rich foods

In the diet, some foods and beverages are restricted or eliminated in favor of healthier alternatives.

An adequate number of purines in the diet can improve overall health and well-being, as well as reduce the symptoms of specific disorders.

In this article, you will learn the foods you should eat and avoid if you are on a low-purine diet.

What do purines mean? 

Purines are one of the world’s most frequent chemical compounds. The purines come from both endogenous and exogenous sources. Through the foods you eat, exogenous purines are absorbed into the body, while endogenous purines are produced directly by the body.

Which foods include purine? 

Purines can be found in a variety of foods, such as:

  • Wild game, venison, duck and veal
  • Red meat 
  • Some seafood, including herring, mussels, sardines, tuna, codfish, sardines, anchovies, scallops, trout and haddock
  • Organ meat, kidneys, liver and thymus glands that are called as sweetbreads

You can also affect your body’s ability to retain or eliminate uric acid by eating other foods and drinking different beverages.

The following foods should be limited or avoided in order to improve purine digestion:

  • High fat foods: Due to the fact that uric acid is stored in the kidneys by fat, it is advisable to steer clear of fried foods, full-fat dairy products, sweets, and other high-fat foods.
  • Alcohol: It has been suggested that any type of alcohol can increase uric acid levels, even though beer and whiskey are high in purines. The body’s ability to rid itself of uric acid is reduced when it becomes dehydrated due to alcohol consumption.
  • Sweetened beverages: Many sweetened beverages contain fructose, including fruit juices and sodas, and too much of it can lead to gout.

Drinks: Purine-rich foods


Gout can be made worse by alcohol, despite the fact that it contains few purines. One example of a purine-containing beverage is beer. Besides causing the body to produce more purines and therefore more uric acid, alcohol also causes the body to create more uric acid.

As a final note, alcoholic beverages are heavy in calories, which can contribute to weight gain and flares. You should avoid alcohol or limit your consumption to one drink (for women) or two drinks (for men).


There is a link between beer and gout due to its high concentration of purines. According to one study, individuals who drank a 12-ounce serving of beer every day were 1.5 times more likely to get gout than those who did not.

Beer is especially dangerous for people who suffer from gout since it contains a lot of alcohol and brewer’s yeast, both of which can increase gout discomfort.

Soft Drinks

Numerous studies have indicated that sugary drinks are associated with an increased incidence of gout. Studies have found that this relationship applies to both men and women.

The risk of gout is quadrupled for women who drink a sugar-sweetened drink every day as opposed to those who drink fewer than one sugar-sweetened drink per month. Gout attacks have been linked to sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit juices, according to previous studies. It is surprising that these studies suggest that diet soda does not increase gout attack frequency.

Orange Juice

Sugar-sweetened drinks are the most common cause of gout, but naturally sweetened juices like orange juice can also trigger it. The increased risk of gout has been linked to excessive fructose in fruit juices according to some research from the last ten years.

Sugary soft drinks contain fructose. However, it is also naturally present in orange juice, so consuming too much of it can be as dangerous as consuming sugary drinks.


Caffeine’s chemical structure is similar to that of a commonly prescribed gout drug, so studies have shown that it may protect you from gout. Nevertheless, there is some evidence to support the notion that increasing your caffeine intake can actually cause gout symptoms.

One study revealed that doubling your caffeine intake overnight could increase gout symptoms by 80 percent. In the short run, coffee and tea could protect you from gout attacks, but a sudden binge could lead to an attack.

Energy Drinks

You shouldn’t only avoid coffee, but also other alcoholic beverages. You feel like you’re on a caffeine binge when you drink energy drinks. A “daily double” of gout may occur if you consume these beverages, because they are also high in sugar.

Until now, no studies have been conducted on the effects of energy drinks on gout. It’s reasonable to assume that these drinks will also aggravate gout attacks, given that they’re sweetened with fructose.

Research indicates that uric acid levels in the American diet are rising, even though not everyone with high uric acid develops gout. Make sure you watch what you eat and drink to protect yourself.

Uric acid 

There is a waste product in the blood called uric acid. Purines are compounds that are broken down by the body to make purines. The best way to eliminate uric acid is by dissolving it in the blood, passing it through the kidneys, and excreting it in the urine. Uric acid is also raised by foods and beverages containing purines.

A buildup of uric acid in the body can be caused by eating too many purines. If uric acid is left in the body for an extended period of time, it can crystallise, posing a number of health problems. As a result, it’s critical to keep your purine intake under control.

Hyperuricemia is a condition caused by the retention of too much uric acid in the body. If you have hyperuricemia, you may develop uric acid (or urate) crystals. Gout, a severe form of arthritis, develops when crystals accumulate in the joints. These crystals can potentially produce kidney stones if they slip into the kidneys.

Untreated high levels of uric acid can lead to permanent bone, joint, and tissue damage, kidney disease, and heart disease. The link between high uric acid levels and type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and fatty liver disease has also been studied.

Maintaining one’s health, like every other aspect of one’s health, is critical. A balanced diet that includes all vital components such as carbs, proteins, excellent and healthy fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals is critical. People with high uric acid levels in their blood have a difficult time choosing the proper and healthful items to include in their diet. 


In the ancient world, the disease of kings was known as gout, which affects mainly obese and overweight men who consume rich foods, and who are overly intoxicated. Additionally, hypertension and renal impairment are associated with it. Gout can be treated with a diet that can reduce the incidence of the condition, as well as help reduce the incidence of gout.

Gout is a type of arthritis characterised by uric acid crystals forming in the joints, most commonly around the elbows, knees, and hands. Gout flare-ups can be very painful, and they should be treated by a doctor.

The amino acid purine is found in nucleotides, which comprise the DNA and RNA of the cell. When cells are destroyed or damaged, your body breaks down purine into uric acid.

Urinary acid, a waste product that is generally expelled harmlessly from the body, is a waste product produced by the kidneys. You may not be able to eliminate your uric acid completely if your levels are high enough, leading to higher serum uric acid levels.

Eat lots of purine-rich foods to cause gout, but it can also be caused by other factors, like increasing uric acid production or decreasing the kidney’s ability to eliminate uric acid. Some joints can be affected by uric acid crystals, most frequently the big toe, although other joints can also become affected by gout.

In order to treat gout, your doctor may recommend a combination of food and medicine. This is because dietary therapy is quite limited and does not always control gout.

As well as treating the inflammation and other symptoms caused by an episode of gout, there are drugs available to combat the underlying metabolic issue of hyperuricemia – high levels of uric acid in the blood. Having too much uric acid in the body or not getting rid of it enough is called hyperuricemia. There are drugs that can treat both of these conditions.


It is generally considered that beans contain high levels of purine, which is why they should be avoided by people at risk of gout, those with high levels of uric acid, or those who have active gout.

Beans have a purine concentration between 19 and 75 mg per serving of 1/2 cup cooked beans, making them a low- to the moderate-purine meal. The best alternatives are garbanzo beans, which have 19 milligrams of purine per 1/2 cup serving; lime beans, which have 49 milligrams; red beans, which have 55 milligrams; and pinto beans, which have 57 milligrams.

The purines found in small white beans, split peas, and soybeans go up to more than 60 milligrams per serving, but the purines found in black-eyed peas, lentils, and great northern beans go up to more than 70 milligrams. Even though this is still less than the purine content of meat or fish, which is around 100 milligrams per 3.5-ounce portion, lower-purine beans should be chosen more often over these types of beans.


Cheese, milk, and yogurt, even though they are high in protein, have a low purine content. Gout is less likely to occur in persons who consume dairy products. It is healthier to choose low-fat dairy options, such as 1% milk and low-fat cottage cheese, since they counteract the unhealthy effects of fat.


Experts say that oatmeal is still within the moderate purine range and that people without gout should limit their intake to two meals each week, even though it’s not as high in purines as other foods like seafood, and organ meats, or alcohol. Half a cup (4 ounces) of cooked oats is one serving (125 ml).

Keeping your uric acid levels healthy and avoiding gout attacks can be achieved by limiting and reducing your purine intake if you are suffering from gout or kidney disease. The recommended daily intake of dietary purines in Japan is less than 400 mg in order to prevent gout and hyperuricemia.

One study included oatmeal in its study of purine-rich vegetables, and there was no evidence linking moderate consumption of purine-rich vegetables to an increased risk of gout. Oatmeal is classified as a moderately purined food, so this conclusion seems justified.

To maintain a gout diet, you need to consider how much purine your regular every day and weekly foods contain, as well as make some adjustments.

Eating a gout-appropriate diet is the simplest method to ward off an attack, and it’s something you can control. Heart-healthy oatmeal contains nutrients that are beneficial to the body.

Oatmeal comes with a high purine content, so you shouldn’t eliminate it, but you should think about how it interacts with the rest of your diet. In case you are unsure of what to eat to manage your gout, speak with your healthcare professional or a nutritionist.

Peanut Butter

Peanuts contain purines, which your body converts to uric acid, but only in trace amounts. Gout is a painful arthritic disorder that develops when uric acid crystals lodge in the joints, producing swelling, discomfort, and inflammation.

Purines are found in the highest concentrations in animal proteins. If you have gout, you may need to limit your consumption of purine-rich foods. Peanuts and other nuts in general have a low purine content.

Even though peanuts are technically legumes, their purine content is minimal (less than 50mg per 100g) in comparison with other legumes, such as lentils, peas, and beans, whose purine content typically ranges from 50 to 150mg per 100g.

So, peanut butter and peanuts are healthy choices for gout sufferers. You should keep in mind, however, that nuts and nut butter are high in fat, so they should be consumed in moderation.


Having low purine levels in potatoes is beneficial to people with gout and other conditions where uric acid build-up is a problem, as they may not cause the body to produce high amounts of uric acid.


The purines present in some seafood are higher than in others. The worst foods for people with gout include cod, anchovies, haddock, herring, mackerel, mussels, roe (fish eggs), sardines, scallops, and trout.

A person with gout should choose salmon as an exception and a better choice of seafood. In addition, most people find they can consume moderate amounts of certain shellfish – lobster, crab, oysters, and shrimp – that contain only moderate amounts of purine.

The low purine content of salmon, sole, tuna, catfish, red snapper, tilapia, flounder, and whitefish allows them to be enjoyed in moderation (two to three times per week) if you don’t eat purine-rich foods other than those mentioned above.

The cardiovascular benefits of consuming cold-water fish such as tuna, salmon, and trout in moderation might outweigh the risk of gout attacks when consumed in moderation. Do not eat mussels, scallops, squid, shrimp, oysters, crab, or lobster more often than once a week.

Purines are found in larger concentrations in several types of seafood, such as anchovies, shellfish, sardines, and tuna. However, for persons with gout, the overall health advantages of consuming fish may outweigh the dangers. If you wish, you can incorporate moderate amounts of fish into a diet to treat gout.


The uric acid concentration in the blood of vegetarians is higher than that of meat eaters, fish eaters, and vegetarians, especially in the male population. Those who are vegetarians and eat fish without meat have the lowest serum uric acid levels.

Moreover, eating plants rich in purine has been linked to reduced uric acid levels, and even the vegetables you’d usually advise gout patients to avoid—mushrooms, peas, beans, lentils, and cauliflower—have been found to be beneficial.

There may be a link between foods rich in fiber, folate, and vitamin C, which help prevent the accumulation of uric acid and gout. It has been recognized that fiber may act as a binder of uric acid in the gut and facilitate its excretion.

Purine-rich vegetables may not be associated with urate because they are packaged together with other plant components (such as vitamin C, dietary fiber, or phytochemicals), which could obscure the effect of purine on [uric acid].” Vegetable consumption, regardless of purine content, may be beneficial since it increases [uric acid] excretion.”


Consuming low-purine foods can reduce the level of uric acid in the body. Overweight or obese individuals may also lose weight by eating low-purine foods. Avoiding kidney stones and gout flare-ups can be possible through these adjustments.

It is always a good idea to consult a doctor before starting a new diet, especially if it is designed to address a health issue.

You can obtain advice from your doctor and other medical treatments might be suggested to ease the discomfort.

Read also: Biochemistry Meaning and Uses; Importance of Microbiology in Health; Color Psychology for Food; Yes to pecorino cheese during pregnancy?; Can pregnant women eat Romano cheese?

External resource: webmd

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