Plato’s contributions: to astronomy, to psychology, to mathematics, to education, to philosophy.Introduction. Born about 428BC and died about 347 BC, Plato was a great philosopher among all famous Greek philosophers.
His ideas give a new mode of life in western countries. Socrates was his teacher, and he learned many things from his teacher; he is famous for establishing the world’s best and first college.
Plato loves natural things and was interested in establishing manufactured and biological structures. Plato was the son of Aristotle. Plato discovered the theory of three streams of light. His publicity was from that thing that he was well-known as the work of the republic; according to him, a philosopher can run a wise society under his observations.
Moreover, he was famous for his dialogues which can attract anyone. Theory of forms is also a reason for his publicity. The main idea of Plato was that reality is divided into two parts, one is ideal, and the second is phenomena.
According to him, the ideal is the perfect reality of survival or existence. While phenomena are the physical world on which we do experiments. The theory of form belongs to perfect ideal reality.
His main ambition was to tell us that the physical world is not our natural world; instead, the real world exists beyond the reach of the physical world. To prove his ideas, he wrote so many dialogues, and the essential thing is that he gave us his famous talks of The Republic.
Plato’s contributions to astronomy
Plato believes that geometry, solid geometry and astronomy can make the mind sharp, and it will also help you uncover the hidden treasures of the earth. So, by his belief, if anyone can dominate over these skills, then he can give himself freedom from prison.
Plato provided his outstanding contribution to astronomy; he offered the idea that stars, sun, moon and earth revolve around each other first of all, due to his assistance, everyone knows that these things twisted around each other. According to his idea, the stars formed the outer layer, then gradually other planets came, but earth comes at the center of Arithmetics.
Plato’s astronomy was very conceptual. His contribution in astronomy was to clear the differences between the truth and reality of all astronautics. Plato provides us with the idea that apparent irrational movements can be explained by assuming that all the planets moved in the many circular tracks.
His idea was that each earth does not move in one path; instead, it selects several routes for traveling. Plato played the central role in encouraging the philosophers to read science as a theory.
His academy taught geometry and astronomy as part of philosophy. In his academy, it was considered essential to learn about these theories. Greek philosophers first discovered astronomy. He invented three streams of light, one stream comes from what is being seen by us, one from our eyes and the third is coming from the illuminating sources.
Plato’s contributions to psychology
In psychology, Plato made extraordinary contributions; Plato studied the miniature version of theories put forwards. He used to see their effectiveness, and if he found a need for improvements, he corrected it. By studying minor issues, we can solve the big problems quickly as in that way we can save time and also expenses of research on the length of experiments.
By studying nature, he rescued the people by providing solutions to the problems. Plato provides three main aspects of psychology: the psyche-reason, appetite, and feeling. Plato provides the duality of our psyche by telling us the dual nature of our minds and souls. If our mind decides one thing, our soul opposes it.
We show whatever we are not. Our body action affects our mind, so our mind also affects our actions, so it’s necessary for us to do positive mental deeds. Plato wrote at least 25 psychological issues, and his contribution was to explore justice, beauty, equality and cosmology; besides these things, he wrote on many different aspects of life.
Engaging in philosophical research can boost our beliefs, values, and other assumptions about our lives. It helps us compare our thinking with other people’s thinking, and then our research will help us know who is best in thinking and arguments.
Plato was inspired and impressed by the philosophy of Socrates, and he was impressed by other Greek philosophers as well, such as Heraclitus and Pythagoreans.
Plato described that all the knowledge of humans is related to his psyche and also told us that our mind imprints the knowledge that we learn from our surroundings. So in our life, when we know about something around us, it is a way to uncover that knowledge that is already stored in our mind, called anamnesis.
Plato’s contributions to mathematics
Plato was a prominent philosopher, and he also gained success in physics, but for this job, math was necessary. So he discovered the method of addition, subtraction, multiplications and divisions. He performed an excellent job in geometry; first of all, 5regular symmetrical three dimensional shapes were discovered by him.
This shape provides the basis for the entire universe. And these are called Platonic solids. Plato rep[resents the tetrahedron, which represents the fire. His observations said that math is essential for preparing debate, and math provides us information that the study of our form is different from reality. Mathematics has no apparent relationship with conditions.
Plato’s view was that the detectable things don’t have a geometrical property. All the noticeable things don’t have perfect spherical, not theses have circular shapes, and even planetary orbits don’t have any stable condition.
Plato’s contributions to education
In 399 BC, after the death of Socrates, Plato moved on from Athens. Then 12 years later came back, he used to travel to different countries. Plato has significant contributions to education. He established the first college in history. There is no evidence of the year in which college was built, but researchers point out that in 380 BC, college came into being.
The college of Plato was constructed outside the limits of Athens city. Here, experts, teachers and scholars were brought by Plato for the best education.
That was a big academy due to its academic results, and it attracted many scholars from a European country. This academy proved helpful for many children, and Plato ruled over this academy till his death; this academy was considered the leading platform of study for young ones.
When the Romans attacked Athens in 82 BC, their attack destroyed this academy. After the 5oo years of Roman attacks in 410 AD, Neoplatonic was built; later on, Christians shut it down.
Plato’s contribution to educations
In Athenian, the awareness of the education of a woman was necessary as women did domestic tasks, they were not allowed to get teachings. In Athenian, some women got an education, but they got an education in their homes. As Plato was a great philosopher, he tried equal rights for men and women in his dialogues. His concept was that if men can get an education, why not women in the colleges.
His mission was to give rights to women. Plato was the first person who raised the voice for women’s education as he was impressed by Greece in Sparta. Plato established a university in Greece for men and women, and it was the first university in the history of Europe.
In his university, he gave lessons to youth, but his main focus was on oral discussions and dialogues as he was a great philosopher. Mathematics, philosophy, astronomy and geometry were the main subjects in that university. The notable thing was that two women were partners of the university.
That university got great success as Aristotle visited the academy in 367 BC for 17 years and stayed there until Plato died. Their teachers trained the students to do tasks that would help them in the future.
Plato’s contributions to philosophy
His contributions to philosophy are remarkable. The Republic is the most beautiful and appreciative work of Plato. The Republic contained the dialogue of 6 men over state affairs. It consists of justice by his philosophy, which will serve as a practical work for upcoming philosophers and scholars.
According to Plato, philosophy is questioning and searching on things, and the main thing in philosophy is dialogues. Through dialogues, you can learn new things from other people and natural things. Plato’s main contribution to philosophy is the theory of forms of pure reasons and their solutions.
In Plato’s theory, he provided the answers to every problem; in his theory, there are solutions to every problem in the universe. Plato was known as the founder of Western philosophy. He was famous for his philosophical nature. His theory is platonism that provides solutions.
His philosophy impressed people; many people got ideas for solving their problems through his dialogues and theory. On justice, it is difficult for someone to be satisfied on this topic, but Plato gave controversial answers on justice, and people got satisfaction from his dialogues. Its dialogues are effective for all people up to today.
Later on, many new philosophers got the idea of justice from his discussions.
Epistemology is one of the most remarkable contributions in the field of philosophy. Epistemology is how people think and how pieces of knowledge come into people’s minds. Plato pointed out that the thinking of humans is limited.
He said that the absolute truth does not come from the real world; instead, it comes from the imaginary world. His concept was that the idealized forms demonstrate the true and pure versions of everything in the world. Plato is famous for the Philosophy of Rhetoric.